Incontinence is a term that describes any accidental or involuntary loss of urine from the bladder or faeces from the bowel and can range from a ‘small leak’ to a complete loss of bladder or bowel contents. Incontinence is not always associated with women who have had babies. It can also be caused by chronic constipation, menopause, chronic respiratory conditions, repetitive high intensity exercise, prolapse, obesity and pelvic surgery.
The good news is that incontinence can be treated and managed. In many cases it can also be cured. As there are numerous causes of incontinence it is important to get a correct diagnosis and therefore treatment plan. There are many types of incontinence, the most common being stress and urge urinary incontinence.
Physiotherapy management varies depending on the individual and the type of incontinence you have and may include:
- Learning the correct pelvic floor activation and coordination
- Pelvic floor strengthening
- Pelvic floor relaxation
- Bladder retraining
- Activity modification